In their recent study on binge eating disorder, psychologists Hosseini and Padhy (2019) emphasize how an untreated image of one's body can have negative effects on people's physical and psychological functioning, including a lowering of self-esteem, mood and levels of competence.
Given this negative impact, Hosseini and Padhy propose that it is essential to tackle the problems of body image disorder so that people can lead happier and more productive lives.
WHAT IS BODY DISTORTION
The distortion of the image of one's body it is an aspect that has long been considered linked to eating disorders - however, there are no guiding criteria to deal with it in relation to binge eating disorder (BED), contrary to what already happens for anorexia nervosa (AN) and the bulimia nervosa (BN).
However, a review conducted by Lewer, Bauer, Hartmann and Vocks (2017) has shown that even BED sufferers experience body image distortions, and that it is in fact a risk factor for the development of the condition.
Lewer and colleagues found that BED sufferers experiment body image disorders slightly differently from AN and BN sufferers, as the results showed that "body-related control and circumvention behaviors, incorrect perception of body size and cognitive bias related to the body are much less common in BED than in the NA and the NL.
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BODY DISTORTION
For those suffering from BED, the distortion of the body image it is lived mainly as body dissatisfaction, and as an excessive concern for one's weight and shape: facets that may appear for the first time in childhood and adolescence and that seem to be linked to the loss of control over eating and eating.
This trend a overestimate weight and shape of one's body is also linked to an increase in the symptomatic levels of BED, as well as low self-esteem and trough.
Body image distortion responds positively to the treatment of other eating disorders such as AN and BN, and research results from Lewer and colleagues suggest that treating body image distortion may also be effective for BED sufferers.
TREATMENTS HIGHLIGHTED BY EXPERTS
Some of the treatments highlighted by these studies concern cognitive behavioral therapies times a change your body image.
These techniques include, for example, repeated exposure to mirrors, which has been shown to mitigate, for BED sufferers, negative thoughts and emotions related to body image and the desire for a slim "ideal" figure.
In line with the results of these studies, former BED sufferers also report that they have discovered that rational approaches that question their dysfunctional thoughts and beliefs about their body have worked effectively.
They also suggest that the techniques they aim for to improve self-esteem and that help to no longer compare oneself and one's body to that of others can be very effective.
One of the techniques you may find useful is to ask yourself a series of questions:
1. DO NOT compare yourself with others anymore
When you start to compare your body with someone else's (for example, someone you see on social media) and judge it favorably, ask yourself:
- Does this person really look like this in real life?
- Am I comparing myself to a false ideal?
Keeping in mind that many people on social media undergo surgery and that most of the photos that show their physical perfection have somehow improved artificially, it's no wonder that most of us are not up to par of comparison.
2. Try to understand more about yourself
Instead of comparing yourself to those photos, ask yourself:
- How can I increase my feelings of self-esteem and love for myself right now?
- What could make me feel valued?
- What action should I take, at this precise moment, to increase my sense of internal value?
Often when we envy someone else's physical beauty or perfection, we admire some other quality that we would like to have. ask yourself:
- What other qualities do I admire in this person?
For example, if the answer is "trust" or "serenity", remember that you too possess these qualities, within certain limits, and that physical perfection is unlikely to be necessary for their development.
3. Awaken your conscience
Instead of attacking you, stop for a moment and ask yourself:
- Would the mere change of my external appearance allow me to achieve or improve these precious qualities?
- How could I develop these qualities without changing my appearance?
Learn how to developself-pity towards yourself.
Recognize yours insecurities, and realize that the judgment of himself and envy is born because of the legitimate unmet human needs you have, such as the need for love and acceptance.
Somewhere in your development, you have started (mistakenly) believing that you need to transform your outward appearance to meet these needs, but today is the time to change this belief.
Realize that, whatever your weight or shape, you will always maintain the same usual mental patterns, unless you work to challenge and change these thought processes.
The key to your trustand your satisfactionand your happiness and your peace resides already inside you. They are things always available to you at all times, regardless of your outward appearance.
HOW TO OBTAIN THE DEFINITIVE FOOD FREEDOM
Uncontrolled feeding disorder, binge eating, compulsive binges, and in general the loss of control within the relationship with food, can also be overcome in a way autonomous and holistic if you know how to do it.
PS If you found the article useful, share it using the buttons at the bottom of the article.
MEDICAL AND LEGAL DISCLAIMER:
The information provided by the manuelcasadei.com website is not intended to diagnose, treat and prevent any discomfort or disease. The user of this website is always responsible for his health and Manuel Casadei encourages you to follow these advice with the approval and supervision of a trusted doctor and disclaims any responsibility for actions taken following what is written in these pages.
Images: Google Images.